What kind of guns were used in the Korean War?
What kind of guns were used in the Korean War?
In this blog, we discuss guns were used in the Korean War. Both Communist and UN forces used weapons left over from World War II to fight in the Korean War.
At the start of the Korean War, the US had no new conventional weapons because they had stopped buying ground-based weapons after WWII. This is a fact that is sometimes overlooked. Harry Truman’s Cabinet thought that because of nuclear weapons, the last big ground wars were over, so they made our ground combat forces almost useless. James Forrestal and Louis Johnson, who were Truman’s Secretaries of Defense, stopped the development of new infantry weapons and communications were bought by ammo gun shop sales. They also changed the way the Army trained soldiers, making them more like civilians in uniforms than professional soldiers ready to fight and die if they had to.
30 M-1 (Garand)
The US, ROK, and numerous UN rifle units use the.30 M-1 (Garand). Mid-1930s gas-operated, semi-automatic, 8-round clip, 9.5 pounds, 10.5 with bayonet. It had a 300-yard combat effective range and 30 rounds per minute.
US Carbine Caliber.30:
Produced as a semi-automatic and full-automatic weapon, it fired a lighter bullet than the M-1 rifle, with less range, accuracy, and killing power, but still deadlier than the PPSh41 burp gun on ammo gun shop sales available. Gas-operated, it was carried by company-grade officers, NCOs, clerks, etc. 6lb. WWII variant of the Garand.
45 calibre M-1911 A-1 semi-automatic handgun
The basic US sidearm is a.45 calibre M-1911 A-1 semi-automatic handgun with 25-yard range. Before WWI, it was carried by field-grade officers, signal lineman, gun crews, tankers, and troops whose jobs prevented them from carrying a rifle or carbine.
Browning Automatic Rifle, or BAR:
The BAR could be used as a shoulder weapon or from a bipod and fired the same ammunition as the M-1. It was the primary automatic weapon of the rifle companies, with one or more assigned to each rifle squad (3 to each Marine rifle squad, in 4-man fire teams). WWI’s 16-pound version was based on Browning’s design.
Light Machine Gun (LMG),.30 calibre
Light Machine Gun (LMG),.30 calibre, M-1919 A-4: Air-cooled, 32-pound, fully automatic rifle with bipod and shoulder rest; Browning recoil; 450-500 rounds per minute sustained fire. Infantry platoon machine gun fired M-1 and BAR rounds. WWI saw the first A-3 variant.
Heavy Machine Gun (HMG)
Heavy Machine Gun (HMG),.30 calibre, M-1917 A-1: A water-cooled, tripod-mounted LMG that can shoot faster, longer, and more accurately. Issued to the Infantry Weapons Company. An Army infantry division had 500 machine guns.
Communist forces had a variety of shoulder weapons, from the Russian 7.62mm carbine, a bolt-action rifle from 1944, to Japanese 7.7mm Imperial Army rifles that the Soviets took from the Kwantung Army in 1945 and gave to the CCF. Communist armies started to get rid of rifles in favour of submachine guns, which are less accurate and don’t kill as well, but can fire a lot more bullets and can be used by people with less training.
Shpagin PPSh41 submachine gun (burp gun):
The Soviets made the PPSh41 submachine gun during World War II. It showed that they thought small arms that were very accurate were useless for ground troops and that they needed guns that could fire a lot of bullets. The Soviet submachine gun was the best of its kind made during WWII. It was easy to use, cheap to make, and reliable in any situation on the battlefield. It could be fired either fully automatically or semiautomatically. It had a magazine that held 72 rounds and could fire 700–900 rounds per minute. Inaccurate except at close range. Near the end of the war, the CCF was almost always on the attack with either submachine gun platoons or grenade platoons.
Tokarev Semiautomatic 7.62mm:
This gun, which had a flash hider and a bipod, did something similar to what the US BAR did, but not as well.
Chinese hand grenades
Chinese hand grenades were in the same class as US ones, but they looked different. Their stick fragmentation grenade didn’t do as much damage as their stick concussion grenade. When going on the attack, the CCF usually used one platoon with only grenades to clear the way for an assault platoon with burp guns. Because they were good at sneaking up on us at night and attacking quickly, their attacks were very violent.
Russian anti-tank gun 14.5 mm PTRD-1941:
This very long, awkward weapon was made to go up against armour from the early days of WWII. In the KW, it was used as a weapon against vehicles and for long-range sniping against people. Americans called them the “elephant” or “buffalo” gun, and each NK division had 36 of them.
Both the NK and the CCF used light machine guns. The Goryunov heavy machine gun, which was mounted on wheels, was also used. Most Russian machine guns were 7.62mm, which is a great military calibre.